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Material Acc. to ASTM Grades
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Material Acc. to ASTM Grades
* From : * Author : Mr. Ma Junqui * AddTime : 2010-11-07 * Clicks : 60

ASTM Grades

Dimensions, dimensional tolerances et cetera from wrought carbon and alloy steel fittings are defined in several ASME standards. The material qualities for these fittings are defined in the ASTM standards.

These ASTM standards, define the specific manufacturing process of the material and determine the exact chemical composition of pipes, fittings and flanges, through percentages of the permitted quantities of carbon, magnesium, nickel etc., and are indicated by "Grade".

For example, a buttweld carbon steel fitting can be identified with Grade WPA or WPB, a buttweld stainless-steel fitting with Grade WP304 or Grade WP321 etc..
Below you will find as an example a table with chemical requirements for fittings ASTM A403 Grade WP304, WP304L, WP316L and a table with frequent Grades, arranged on pipe and pipe-components, which belong together as a group.

As you may be have noted, in the table below, ASTM A105 has no Grade. Sometimes ASTM A105N is described;
"N" stands not for Grade, but for normalized. Normalizing is a type of heat treatment, applicable to ferrous metals only. The purpose of normalizing is to remove the internal stresses induced by heat treating, casting, forming etc..

Chemical requirements composition, %

 

Grade F304 (A)

Grade F304L (A)

Grade F316L (A-B)

Carbon, max

0.08

0.035

0.035

Manganese, max

2.00

2.00

2.00

Phosphorus, max

0.045

0.045

0.045

Sulfur, max

0.030

0.030

0.030

Silicon, max

1.00

1.00

1.00

Nickel

8 - 11

8 - 13

10 - 15

Chrome

18 - 20

18 - 20

16 - 18

Molybdenum

-

-

2.00-3.00

 

 

(A) Carbon 0.040% max. is necessary where many drawing passes are required, as with outside diameter <0.5 inch (12.7 mm), or nominal wall thickness <0.049 inch (1.2 mm).
(B) On pierced tube, Nickel may be 11 - 16.00%.

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ASTM Grades

Material

Pipes

Fittings

Flanges

Valves

Bolts & Nuts

 

Carbon Steel

A106 Gr A

A234 Gr WPA

A105

A216 Gr WCB

A193 Gr B7
A194 Gr 2H

A106 Gr B

A234 Gr WPB

A105

A216 Gr WCB

A106 Gr C

A234 Gr WPC

A105

A216 Gr WCB

 

Carbon Steel
Alloy
High-Temp

A335 Gr P1

A234 Gr WP1

A182 Gr F1

A217 Gr WC1

A193 Gr B7
A194 Gr 2H

A335 Gr P11

A234 Gr WP11

A182 Gr F11

A217 Gr WC6

A335 Gr P12

A234 Gr WP12

A182 Gr F12

A217 Gr WC6

A335 Gr P22

A234 Gr WP22

A182 Gr F22

A217 Gr WC9

A335 Gr P5

A234 Gr WP5

A182 Gr F5

A217 Gr C5

A335 Gr P9

A234 Gr WP9

A182 Gr F9

A217 Gr C12

 

Carbon Steel
Alloy
Low-Temp

A333 GR 6

A420 Gr WPL6

A350 Gr LF2

A352 Gr LCB

A320 Gr L7
A194 Gr 7

A333 Gr 3

A420 Gr WPL3

A350 Gr LF3

A352 Gr LC3

 

Austenitic
Stainless
Steel

A312 Gr TP304

A403 Gr WP304

A182 Gr F304

A182 Gr F304

A193 Gr B8
A194 Gr 8

A312 Gr TP316

A403 Gr WP316

A182 Gr F316

A182 Gr F316

A312 Gr TP321

A403 Gr WP321

A182 Gr F321

A182 Gr F321

A312 Gr TP347

A403 Gr WP347

A182 Gr F347

A182 Gr F347

 

ASTM Materials

Pipes

·                     A106 = This specification covers carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service.

·                     A335 = This specification covers seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service.

·                     A333 = This specification covers wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel pipe intended for use at low temperatures.

·                     A312 = Standard specification for seamless, straight-seam welded, and cold worked welded austenitic stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general corrosive service.

Fittings

·                     A234 = This specification covers wrought carbon steel and alloy steel fittings of seamless and welded construction.

·                     A420 = Standard specification for piping fittings of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel for low-temperature service.

·                     A403 = Standard specification for wrought austenitic stainless steel piping fittings.

Flanges

·                     A105 = This specification covers standards for forged carbon steel piping components, that is, flanges, fittings, Valves, and similar parts, for use in pressure systems at ambient and higher-temperature service conditions.

·                     A182 = This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and Valves and parts for high-temperature service.

·                     A350 = This specification covers several grades of carbon and low alloy steel forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged fittings and Valves for low-temperature service.

Valves

·                     A216 = This specification covers carbon steel castings for Valves, flanges, fittings, or other pressure-containing parts for high-temperature service and of quality suitable for assembly with other castings or wrought-steel parts by fusion welding.

·                     A217 = This specification covers steel castings, martensitic stainless steel and alloys steel castings for Valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts intended primarily for high-temperature and corrosive service.

·                     A352 = This specification covers steel castings for Valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts intended primarily for low-temperature service.

·                     A182 = This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and Valves and parts for high-temperature service.

Bolds & Nuts

·                     A193 = This specification covers alloy and stainless steel bolting material for pressure vessels, Valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.

·                     A320 = Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for Low-Temperature Service.

·                     A194 = Standard specification for nuts in many different material types.